Rise of Sinn Fein

The Rise of Sinn Fein and
the Irish War of Independence

Cape Cod Cultural Center, South Yarmouth
Wednesdays September 11, 18, 25, and Oct 10, 7:15 to 8:15

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Irish History Class-

Eire/Republic of Ireland 1937-1969

Cultural Center of Cape Cod, South Yarmouth

Wednesdays 6 - 7 pm - September 11, 18, 25 and October 2

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Irish History: Northern Ireland/6-counties 1921 - 1968

Cultural Center of Cape Cod, South Yarmouth
Wednesdays June 12, 19, 26, and July 10:  6 to 7 PM 

FlagMap Northern IrelandNorthern Ireland was formed from six of the nine counties of Ulster: four counties with unionist majorities and two counties, Fermanagh and Tyrone, which had slight Irish nationalist majorities. It was created as a separate legal entity on 3 May 1921, under the Government of Ireland Act 1920.

The first years of the new autonomous region were marked by bitter violence, particularly in Belfast. The IRA was determined to oppose the partition of Ireland so the authorities created the Ulster Special Constabulary to aid the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) and introduced emergency powers to combat the IRA. Many died in political violence between 1920 and 1923, during which Belfast experienced the worst violence in its history.

hexagonal coastThe origin of Northern Ireland lies in English colonial policy and activity in Ireland. It can be traced back to plantations of settlers in Ireland, in particular the Plantation of Ulster in 1609. The defeat of the old Gaelic aristocracy was followed by a political and economic transformation of Ireland. Confiscation of land and property was followed by laws to restrict and control the indigenous economy and the creation of a Protestant ascendency to rule Ireland. The Act of Union in 1800 resulted in capital migration from southern Ireland to Northern Ireland further damaging the Irish economy. In the 1880's the British Conservative party formed an alliance with Ulster Unionists and promised them that in return for their support in Parliament they would make sure that they would not become part of an Ireland that broke from the Union. This commitment was fulfilled in the Government of Ireland Act 1920 which gave them their own Parliament and their autonomy from the rest of Ireland. The result of this was continued persecution of a nationalist and Catholic population of the 6-counties and the eventual rebellion in the 1960's that led to a 30 year war ending in 1998.

All students will receive a PowerPoint presentation for each class.


 Cultural Center of Cape Cod, South Yarmouth

Wednesdays June 12, 19, 26, and July 10:  6 to 7 PM
Call 508-394-7100 or go online at http://www.cultural-center.org        $75/$70  for members.          


 

Irish History: The Rise of Sinn Fein and the Irish War of Independence

Cultural Center of Cape Cod, South Yarmouth
June 12, 19, 26, and July 10: 7:15 to 8:15
Sinn Fein 190521

Sinn Fein was formed in 1905 by Arthur Griffith. The execution of the leaders of the 1916 Rebellion changed the political situation in Ireland forever. The Rebellion had drawn attention to the long history of British injustice in Ireland and had demonstrated that the cause of Irish freedom was not illusory.

In 1917 the death of Thomas Ashe from being force fed while on hunger strike and the attempted conscription of Irish people were two of the main events post 1916. The Home Rule party was by now discredited. Sinn Fein became the organization for those who wanted a free and independent Ireland.

The landslide victory by Sinn Fein in the general election of December 1918 led to the formation in 1919 of the First Dail Eireann which approved a provisional constitution for an Irish Republic. The British refused to recognize the Irish Republic and so the Irish War of Independence began in January 1919.

The course will include audio visual materials. All students will receive a PowerPoint presentation for each class.


 Cultural Center of Cape Cod, South Yarmouth

June 12, 19, 26, and July 10: 7:15 to 8:15
Call 508-394-7100 or go online at http://www.cultural-center.org        $75/$70  for members.          


 

The First Dáil 1919 (An Chéad Dáil) at Hyannis Public Library

First Centenary Celebration - Song, Video, and Talk
Presentation by Sean Murphy May 19 1:00-2:30

On the 21st January 1919 elected members of Dail Eireann met for the first time. In December 1918, 69 Sinn Fein candidates, 26 Unionists and 6 Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP) candidates were elected to represent the people of Ireland.

First Dail

Sinn Fein campaigned on abstaining from the British Parliament in London and instead to set up an assembly in Dublin - Dail Eireann.

Only 27 of the Sinn Fein elected members were listed as present at the first meeting. 34 were listed as being "imprisoned by the foreigners", 3 as being "deported by the foreigners" and 5 were listed as "absent". The 26 Unionists and 6 members of the IPP were marked "absent". Two Sinn Fein members, Michael Collins and Harry Boland, were marked present but were in fact in England organizing the escape from prison of Eamon DeValera.

The Declaration of Independence asserted that the Dáil was the parliament of a sovereign state called the "Irish Republic". The Dáil established a cabinet called the "Aireacht", and an elected president. The first, temporary president was Cathal Brugha. He was succeeded as president, in April, by Éamon de Valera.


at Hyannis Public Library
Sunday May 19th 1:00 to 2:30


The Irish Free State/26-Counties 1922-1937

Cultural Center of Cape Cod, South Yarmouth
Wednesdays May 15, 22 and June 5, 12   6:00 to 7:00 
Post Irish Civil War panel

The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann: 6 December 1922 – 29 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921 that ended the three-year Irish War of Independence.

The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann:  6 December 1922 – 29 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921 that ended the three-year Irish War of Independence.The Free State was established as a Dominion of the British Commonwealth of Nations. It comprised 26 of the 32 counties of Ireland. Northern Ireland, which comprised the remaining six counties, exercised its right under the Treaty to opt out of the new state.Pro-Treaty members, who formed Cumann na nGaedheal in 1923, held an effective majority in the Dáil from 1922 to 1927, and ruled as a minority government until 1932.

In 1931, with the passage of the Statute of Westminster, the Parliament of the United Kingdom relinquished its remaining authority to legislate for the Free State and other dominions. This had the effect of making the dominions fully sovereign states. The Free State became the first internationally recognized independent Irish state.In 1926 Sinn Féin president,  deValera, resigned from Sinn Féin and founded Fianna Fáil.  Fianna Fáil entered the Dáil following the 1927 general election, and entered government after the Irish general election in 1932, when it became the largest party.

De Valera abolished the Oath of Allegiance and embarked on an economic war with the UK. His new constitution was passed by a referendum in July of 1937.

All students will receive a PowerPoint presentation for each class.


 Cultural Center of Cape Cod, South Yarmouth

Wednesdays May 15, 22 and June 5, 12:  6pm to 7pm
Call 508-394-7100 or go online at http://www.cultural-center.org        $75/$70  for members.